On Sunday, June 6, a group of university professors met and talked with the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution. Mohammad Mehdi Tehranchi, a professor at the Faculty of Physics at Shahid Beheshti University, a member of the board of trustees of Islam
The Soviet Union launched the Cold War in 1957 with the launch of the Sputnik Astronaut, and in the twenty-first century entered a new stage of Western civilization by the United States and through the convergent sciences and technologies of the NBICS which shape the infrastructure of the network world. According to the clear evidences of the US and the UK scientific developments in recent years, after some decades of scientific leadership of the United States and Europe, the scientific progresses of other countries and the geographical shift of research and education and even commercialization of science are considered as a threat to the domination of these countries.
Therefore, in the West's view, the inspirational scientific progress of the Islamic Iran, should be stopped simultaneously with the progress of nuclear, missile, spatial and convergent science and technologies and changes in the foundations of the social sciences. They consider the scientific growth in Iran as a threat, because the creation of a national flow of knowledge independent of the West and keeping on the path to a new scientific civilization can ruin their multi-hundred-year- old effort to claim the disability of the Islamic era in civilization, the leadership of science in this land, and the assignment of the vital role for Islamic scholars in that era, and it can be a sign of a new Islamic civilization.
So, they try to prevent the scientific progress by sanctions and influence. On the other hand, based on the international strategic documents of science and technology, scientific progress causes political and economic power of the countries, and stopping the substantial costing and support of science under the pretext of the economic downturn and even economic austerity are seen as nation double damage. So the government should not imagine that stopping the support of grand national plans and academic research, and achievements such as building a university satellite, had been ineffective in rudeness and unfaithfulness of the other side.
Dependent knowledge is not the solution, and we must know that in the declared model of domination system, international relationships, i.e., competition instead of cooperation, is more aiming at stopping the scientific progress not helping it, and the government must come to believe that leaving the economic sanctions is possible through the authority and scientific progress and reliance on educated human resources.
The United States had another idea of JCPOA as the fruit of the sanctions. For example, after JCPOA, Goodman, the US public diplomacy leader of domains that they find challenging, such as China and the former Soviet Union, entered Iran and after a meeting with the heads of Iranian universities, he published a document that discusses the chance of public diplomacy to expand the relationships or indeed America domination in science.
At the same time, Richard Stone, who is also a specialist in the challenging areas of the United States, came to Iran on behalf of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) as the international secretary of Science Journal. His specialized prescriptions in the field of science, especially nuclear science, which are published as scientific articles in the Science Journal, and his interaction with the Science Ministry and Atomic Energy Organization are notable. It’s just the tip of the iceberg that in these days, our supreme leader warning against influence have made their plans for science domain ineffective. As the United States did not succeed in changing the path of scientific independence in JCPOA, referring to other points, they left JCPOA, and by assigning a role to the Europeans, they want to deliver us a defective and unprofitable JCPOA.
We remind that our two major universities, Sharif and Shahid Beheshti, were not sanctioned by the United States, but were put on the sanctions list by the European Union with unsubstantial claims.
But, dear leader, JCPOA had great lessons for the history of this nation; one of these lessons is that today in complex issues, expertise in diplomacy alone doesn’t work, scientists should also be referred. Accepting the basic technical and scientific definitions in protocols and agreements, such as JCPOA without regard to its widespread scientific dimensions, causes the enormous damage and the strangely scientific limitations that we are facing today.
As the introduction, I will point out some points to the scientific and technical community before giving technical advices on the use of peaceful nuclear energy. Firstly, in proposing a solution for choosing subjects, we must pay attention to the diversification of the acquired technologies, and instead of a one-dimensional progression that is defective and does not result in a particular social economic outcome, we must try to gain comprehensiveness.
Secondly, designing the complicated projects that require very long time to reach a conclusion, without regarding the fulfillment of the requirements, must be avoided, as the time to achieve the result is a critical factor in authoritative projects. Thirdly, we must consider all national power and instead of telling the universities what not to do, we invite them to do what we need. Fourth, we must be cautious about the pseudoscientific proposals of intruders and enemies who are trying to distort the path of technological progress in the country.
We must avoid the actions with the logic of science for science and even those for increasing the efficiency and focusing on economizing some parts of the activities, with regard to resource constraints at this stage. In the field of nuclear acquired technology chain, technology localization, available uranium resources constraints, continuity of the production chain, we must consider the authority and the special conditions of the country and link the nuclear industry development to national endogenous development. With regard to the above, I will make suggestions in this field.
At the first important step, the country localized the necessary knowledge for acquiring and technology of enrichment. It is emphasized that stopping the enrichment process in the hope of obtaining more centrifuges or the promise of building machines with better separation efficiency (even in the near future) isn’t suitable for the country and that the flow of enrichment and research and development should be continued with any quality level.
As the first suggestion: regarding the uranium mines constraint and the impossibility of importing this metal in the long term, paying attention to increasing the percentage of enrichment and achieving the technology of the closed fuel cycle is of great importance in choosing the path of acquiring technology. One of the most important goals of barrier creation in JCPOA was the conversion of natural uranium fuel into enriched uranium in the design of Arak heavy water reactor and blocking the achievement of the closed fuel cycle. In this regard, it is recommended that the issue of graphite reactors with natural uranium and even heavy water reactors, as well as the use of the Thorium cycle, should not be removed from the agenda.
Second suggestion: given the scientific potential created in the country, the time has come for the next step to complete this technology aimed at solving national problems. Acquiring knowledge, design and construction of the reactor by maintaining its developmental stages as the further enrichment ring is of vital importance.
Unfortunately, the constraints imposed by JCPOA , not only consider the nuclear fuel cycle including nuclear and non-nuclear materials, but also, by putting researches related to nuclear reactors under the fuel cycle subject, involve all researches into nuclear reactors subtly and even unscientifically. It is worth mentioning that, according to nuclear scientists, the fuel cycle is a subset of the reactor science, and in other words, the gentlemen have considered the part prior to the whole.
So, in this way, they have put together all nuclear research in the framework of the inspection. Despite this, it should be noted that the spread of nuclear science and technology is not necessarily dependent on the construction of a nuclear power plant, and the concept of nuclear power plant and nuclear reactor are two different concepts. All countries with nuclear technology have been developing low power nuclear reactors to complete the steps of nuclear science and technology. Such reactors, with low fuel consumption consistent with the country's enrichment level, and technology which can be gained locally, have a higher value than a nuclear power plant and is a key factor in the advancement of nuclear science and technology.
In the framework of JCPOA and NPT membership capability, its executable and, in terms of its function, can link the development of the nuclear industry to the national endogenous development. Since the water crisis is one of the most important national challenges of the present and future of the country, and the free and ocean-bound water are now considered as the infinite water resources independent of climatic phenomena are the most reliable sources which are left.
Despite the high density of salts and the cost of fresh water production unit usable at the urban, agricultural and industrial bases, in our country, taking into account the economic, social, security and political necessities, it is possible to plan the water drafting, desalination, transportation, and distribution from the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea coast strips to the central regions of the country, but unfortunately, Iran's share of the total desalting capacity of the Gulf Persian and the Oman Sea is about 1.5 percent, and of the total world installed capacity is about 0.4 percent.
Given that our country is one of the dry land countries and covers more than two thousand kilometers of coastlines with free water, this statistic is unjustifiable. According to documents released by the International Atomic Energy Agency in 2015, "Only nuclear reactors will have the capacity to supply enough energy to desalinate water from the sea at a very high rate in the future" and will be economically competitive with fossil fuels. According to the above, before paying attention to high-level nuclear power generating plants, low-level reactors with operational water desalination are a national necessity that we need to import its technology from outside the country.
There are foreseeable effects related to the implementation of the national plan for nuclear water desalination which includes maintaining the habitable living in the southern provinces, overcoming the migration due to water shortages, promoting the life and business in this region on the one hand and reducing water tension in the internal regions by allocation of regional water at the production point and even transmission of water to the depth according to the high desalination capacity on the other hand and due to the high level of construction standards, if the technology of local production is achieved the development of science and technology in various areas in the country and strengthen and support for businesses will be caused.
Following up on this technology, the development of small reactors with solid and liquid moderatos can be considered. In this regard, we can also achieve maritime nuclear propulsion technology, which is also a necessity, but due to its complexity it is classified in the longer term plans. Meanwhile, the production of some non-nuclear materials such as lithium-6 and its derivatives, uranium compounds such as uranium hydrates and materials such as beryllium and radium, and the fabrication of neutron generators, can also be important in improving and promoting nuclear technology.
Finally, I would point out that one of the main goals of the enemies of the Islamic Republic is making the scientists, especially nuclear scientists, disappointment. The implementation of international treaties should not result in constraining the implementation of projects, disconnecting the funds, and cause disappointment between scientists and even backed businesses.
Unfortunately, the restriction of the work space due to the limitations imposed by treaties and the insistence on the Agency's entry into the field of universities, with the assumption of the need for scientists to respond to all the articles in the nuclear domain, even theoretical articles, the suspension of faculty recruitment in some universities, the insistence on boycotting the two main universities and inducing psychological warfare by intruders and naive that, in order to avoid individual probabilistic problems of faculty members, we should not involve the university in the main issues of the system, and even the proposal to change the name of the relevant colleges ,and unemployment of graduates will cause the lower tendency of the society to study in the fields of Nuclear science and technology. I talked about nuclear energy and it seems better to me to read the words of Rumi at the end:
A (type of) thou didst not throw when thou threwest, a temptation (for the ignorant), a hundred thousand stacks (of grain) in a handful.
(He is) a sun hidden in a mote: suddenly that mote opens its mouth (and reveals the sun).
Translated by M. Motiee